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SCALETOOL IntroductionDriversBiodiversityPolicies and managementConnectivity and protected areas
Drivers of change and their indicators Scaling of fragmentation Microclimate
 

Drivers

The way drivers of change operate or appear over multiple scales is non-linear. Direct drivers (e.g. drivers linked to land-use change) show the highest scale sensitivity as their intensity and spatial distribution change significantly across scales of observation. Strengthening multi-level governance and increasing flexibility and autonomy in regional local decision making is needed to deal effectively with scale-nonlinearities of drivers of change.
Understanding drivers of change, their impacts on biodiversity and their relationship to decision making constitutes a major challenge for scientists and policy makers. The challenge is not only related to the context of the analysis, i.e. identification and description of all relevant social-economic-cultural and environmental drivers, but it goes further to the choice of the appropriate dimensions and quantifiable organisation of the analysis, in other words "the scale" of the analysis. This is because drivers of change operate at various temporal and spatial scales, which do not always match the scales that are relevant for organisms or ecosystems functions. In addition, the way drivers operate or appear over multiple scales is non-linear. Indeed, as we move across scales, the intensity as well as the spatial distribution of a particular driver may change.

In the following, we provide an overview on

Further information on drivers of change can be found in the SCALESBOOK.



Common indirect and direct drivers of biodiversity change



References

Marty, P., Daeden, J., Mouttet, R., Vogiatzakis, I.N., Mathevet, R., Potts, S.G., Tzanopoulos, J. (2014) Conceptual framework and typology of drivers, pp. 25-30. In: Henle, K., Potts, S.G., Kunin, W.E., Matsinos, Y.G., Similä, J., Pantis, J.D., Grobelnik, V., Penev, L., Settele, S. (eds.): Scaling in Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation. Pensoft Publishers, Sofia.
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