LOGIN

Your E-mail
Password  
Remember me
 Forgotten password
SCALETOOL IntroductionDriversBiodiversityPolicies and managementConnectivity and protected areas

Dealing with social issues and zoning in France

An Environment Round Table ("Grenelle de l'Environnement") was held in 2007 by the French government. This national consultation of key stakeholders on ecological and sustainable development issues strengthened and completed the "National Strategy for Biodiversity" (SNB) created in 2004. The SNB addresses both protected areas with the "Strategy for the Creation of Protected Areas (SCAP)" and ecological connectivity with the "Trame verte et bleue" (TVB). The SCAP aims at identifying 2% of the French metropolitan territory needing to be under strong protection which will be integrated in the TVB as "biodiversity reservoirs" linked to each other by ecological continuities. The Environment Round Table aimed at decentralizing the design and implementation of policy instruments addressing environmental issues by promoting a participatory approach with both regional state services, regional and local authorities and local stakeholders.

In this context, The "Regional Strategy for Biodiversity" (SRB) is the equivalent of the SNB at regional-scale. Thus, both the SCAP and TVB designed at national-scale are specified and implemented regionally. Concerning the SCAP, the state defined national priorities for the protection of biodiversity by identifying species important for biodiversity and which distribution is more or less covered by protected areas. However, this list is then refined at regional scale based on the specificities of the region. Furthermore, regional authorities are in charge of identifying new protected areas and defining the most appropriate regime of protection and their type of governance.

Regarding ecological continuity, the Regional Scheme for Ecological Coherence (SRCE) is the regional implementation of the TVB defined at national-scale. The state provides a framework to determine ecological continuities and criteria for national consistency. However, the regional authorities and decentralized state services are jointly leading the spatial identification of the SRCE. Furthermore, the choice of the method is decided by a regional committee for the TVB. Finally, the TVB/SRCE is implemented by local administration which account for it in their land planning strategies.

Unlike the SCAP, the TVB/SRCE is planned to be accounted for and integrated within existing strategies and land and urban planning. Furthermore, areas of interest for ecological continuity will not be submitted to a strong regulatory regime. In terms of participatory approach during the policy making process (e.g. still in progress in 2013), local stakeholders were mainly involved in thematic and technical committees whereas government and national agencies mainly deal with overall guidelines, methodological consistency and objectives among local territories. In this participatory process, most difficulties are due to (i) the multiplicity of group of stakeholders which tend to drag the policy design in different or antagonistic directions; (ii) scientific illiteracy of most stakeholders that should need more time to share and discuss scientific evidences and suggestions. This iterative process among the steering committee and local committees may lead to some tensions between project leaders, scientists and actors, thus to local decisions deviating from national guidelines or objectives. Overall, the main concern of participants of local committees is to know whether the SCAP or TVB will lead to regulation affecting economic activities such as farming or forestry.

Copyright and disclaimer: SCALES and SCALETOOL

CONDITIONS OF USE: We explicitly encourage the use of SCALETOOL. SCALETOOL is freely available for non-commercial use provided you acknowledge SCALES as source. For more extensive access to databases (e.g. for statistical analyses or if you want to contribute data), tools, or background material, please contact the SCALES coordinator (send us email).

All rights reserved. USE THIS SOFTWARE AT YOUR OWN RISK. THE SCALES TEAM WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT OR INDIRECT DAMAGE OR LOSS CAUSED BY THE USE OR THE INABILITY TO USE THIS SOFTWARE.

© 2010 - 2018 SCALES. All rights reserved.